The importance of the blockchain to supply chain management in pharmaceutical companies can be addressed in the Nigerian codeine crisis. A BBC documentary revealed the extent to which drug abuse is currently on a rampage in Nigeria. The situation got so critical that the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control, NAFDAC placed a ban on a major pharmaceutical firm fingered in the whole crisis. The investigative documentary titled Sweet Sweet Codeine revealed how some staff from three major pharmaceutical firms sold codeine-based cough syrup to this addicts. In a decentralized system where the production of codeine-based cough syrup can be monitored from factory to patient, a situation like this can be prevented.
The blockchain technology is currently being adopted in different sectors and the health sector is not to be left out. Countries such as Ethiopia have adopted the blockchain technology to its coffee supply chain ensuring that exported coffee is of top quality and that farmers get paid the right value for their products. A company like IBM have created innovations that can make data sharing between healthcare providers better and allow various stakeholders in the healthcare track data. Also, the supply chain will be more secure and effective and transactions will be recorded on the blockchain which is immutable.
The codeine abuse in Nigeria can be solved using the blockchain technology. The blockchain technology can ensure the following in the Nigerian healthcare and pharmaceutical sectors;
Supply Chain Management: The blockchain technology enables secure and transparent transactions. This means that if from production, a particular number of drugs have been recorded on the blockchain the number supplied and their suppliers should also tally. So, when the chain is broken, the menace of the stolen drugs to facilitate drug abuse can also be stopped.
Secure Data: Distribution makes the system more secure, this is because there isn’t a single place of attack or failure. Transactions are documented in a permanent decentralized record which does not only reduce the time spent and added costs but also cuts down human errors.
Drug Traceability: Issues such as counterfeit drugs, stolen drugs can be tackled with the blockchain as the transaction between drug manufacturers, wholesalers, pharmacists, and patients can be tracked, verify and secured to know the important details of the drug product.
The blockchain technology can also be used to create smart contracts where patient’s data can be accessed and patient’s information can be accessed by permission from stakeholders. The blockchain technology can do a lot for the current codeine crisis Nigeria is facing and it will make a lot of sense to integrate this technology into the pharmaceutical sector. What the citizen want is transparent transactions, laying a ban on a company might not necessarily end the drug crisis but transparent transaction, supply chain management, and drug traceability can end the crisis.
What do you think about the application of the blockchain to supply chain management in pharmaceutical companies in Nigeria? Share your opinion with us in the comments section below.
Image source: abcnews.go, deserthope
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President of Venezuela Nicolas Maduro Calls on Public to its Newly Opened Petro Supported Casino
The President of Venezuela has announced the opening of crypto supported casino in the country. This announcement was made on the 17th of January, 2020.
According to the President, the Ávila National Park’s Hotel Humboldt will soon be home to an international casino which will make use of the Petro (PTR) – the country’s cryptocurrency.
Nicolas Maduro went further saying, the proceeds from the casino activities will fund the country’s public health and education sectors.
Betting has been halted in the country for several years prior to the administration of the current President Nicolas Maduro. Prior to this administration, betting places were ordered closed down because of being dens of drugs and other criminal activities.
Giving details on the operation of the Casino, President Maduro said he has authorized legal bets with petros. According to him, the Hotel Humboldt will have an international casino and everyone will be able to place bets using the petro.
He went further explains, “You can come to bet. There will be offers, special prices. You buy your petro tokens, you can buy them if you bring yuan, if you bring yen, dollars, euros or any other cryptocurrencies … buy your petros and make your licit bets allowed by the state as contemplated by national laws.”
Owing to various sanctions hitting the oil filled country, the current President, Nicolas Maduro created the petro cryptocurrency to evade these sanctions and better position the economy of the state.
The announcement of President Maduro to open the casino evidently is an attempt to provide more use cases for the petro to improve acceptability amongst the populace and global community.
This move by the President will most likely fuel the emergence of new casinos across the country since it has been almost a decade casino activities were halted in the embattled state.
Binance to Support IOTX MainNet Token Swap
The IOTX mainnet token swap to be supported by leading cryptocurrency exchange, Binance. The crypto ecosystem giant made this known via its blog.
Withdrawals will be suspended from the 15th of January, 2020 by 0:00 AM (UTC) pending till the token swap is completed.
IoTeX describes itself as an open source platform, building the Internet of Trusted Things, where all physical and virtual ‘things’ — humans, machines, businesses, and DApps — can exchange information and value at global scale. It was founded in 2017.
Binance also revealed it will handle all technical requirements involved in the swap process for all users holding the IOTX token in their Binance accounts.
Whenever even after the mainnet migration a user sends ERC-20 IOTX tokens to Binance, Binance guarantees the tokens will be converted to the mainnet IOTX and the user will not be able to withdraw the ERC-20 IOTX Tokens after the swap.
We will make a separate announcement after the mainnet swap is complete to notify users when withdrawals for IOTX (native coin) will open, Binance concluded.
In November 2019, IOTX revealed via a blog post the roadmap it intended to follow in ultimately bringing staking/voting using the IOTX token to its mainnet.
In the post, it gave a summary of schedule for staking/voting using the IOTX token.
Mainnet Alpha (Apr 2019 – Oct 2019): staking on Ethereum using IOTX-E (ERC20) only
Mainnet Beta (Nov 2019 – Q1/Q2 2020): staking on both Ethereum and IoTeX using IOTX-E (ERC20) and IOTX (Native), respectively
Mainnet GA (Q1/Q1 2020 and on): staking on IoTeX using IOTX (Native) only. Note: all existing votes/tokens on Ethereum will be automatically converted to IoTeX
IoTex also stated that exchanges with IOTX-E currently listed will at their own different time perform official token swaps to IOTX (native) currency throughout Q4 2019 & Q1 2020.
The Internet of Trust Things platforms also stated that the final cutoff to swap IOTX-E to Native IOTX will be announced in Q1 2020.
CEO of MTN Group Speaks Out on MTNCOIN, Calls it Fake.
The CEO of MTN Group, Rob Shuter has spoken out on the document circulating the internet showing the Telecom giant, MTN Group to launch a utility token – MTNCOIN.
The CEO calls the document and unsolicited proposal and the Telecom firm will not consider it.
Fake news guys was an unsolicited proposal we are not taking forward.
— Rob Shuter (@ShuterRob) November 13, 2019
The document which was dated 29th of October, 2019 and titled “MTN COIN – Building Africa’s Universal Financial Services & Rewards Ecosystem” proposes a crypto token that will be used as a universal digital settlement currency for all financial.
In a statement published by MTN Group, it said it wishes to distance itself from the document as well as the services and offerings mentioned in the document as they are not provided by the firm.
According to the statement, MTN said the document was an unsolicited proposal submitted by an entity called Eureka Africa and it wasn’t adopted.
However, the Telecom giant affirmed its continual engagement and collaboration with various vendors, and if necessary it said, use official MTN channels to communicate such partnerships.
The document proposes the launch of a Stellar blockchain based cryptocurrency, MTNCOIN that will serve as a universal digital settlement currency for all financial users cases for all parties.
According to the document, It also intends solidifying and expanding MTN’s position as Africa’s leading communication services provider by staying at the forefront of digital transformation; capitalize on the Global Financial Technology revolution and lead the disruption of the traditional financial and insurance sector in the continent to protect current and create new revenue streams.
The Telecom giant has requested publishers to refrain from sharing the document or its contents on any public platforms.
Telecom firm, MTN Could launch a token MTNCOIN on the Stellar Blockchain to become Universal Digital Settlement Currency
A document showing Telecommunication firm MTN is set to launch a token –MTNCOIN on the Stellar Blockchain has been making waves on the internet since it was released.
The document which was dated October 29th 2019 and titled “MTN COIN – Building Africa’s Universal Financial Services & Rewards Ecosystem” posits that the African Financial sector is ripe for disruption.
It measured the financial flow of money through Mobile Money and Remittance. MTN through the plans to lead the disruption of Africa’s financial services industry to redefine financial inclusion.
This it intends to achieve by launching MTNCOIN as a universal digital settlement currency for all financial users cases for all parties. It also intends solidifying and expanding MTN’s position as Africa’s leading communication services provider by staying at the forefront of digital transformation.
It also wants to capitalize on the Global Financial Technology revolution and lead the disruption of the traditional financial and insurance sector in the continent to protect current and create new revenue streams.
MTN will to create a pan-african open platform and ecosystem and set the standards for trusted, direct, low-cost and instant financial transactions, bringing together various players in the financial industry such as banks, insurances, Fintechs, Retailers and major technology providers to drive interoperability and convergence.
The digital currency, MTNCOIN according to the document will be created and issued on the Stellar Blockchain Network.
It will serve as universal exchange currency, highly scalable, secure bridging currency across the African continent supported by the established MTN treasury functions.
It will serve data and airtime redemption assurance which according to the document will reduce counterpart risk as token holders.
The token will be a utility token controlled by MTN and it shall feature fast, no-cost remittance, automatic loyalty program benefits with ecommerce embedded shopping advantages.
The document compares MTNCOIN in superiority to other forms of payment such as MTN Money and M-Pesa. The coin will have a digital wallet, allow P2p transfer, cross border payments, bank integration, adoption by third party apps etc. MTNCOIN based on the document stands out from both MTN Money and M-Pesa.
The choice of choosing Stellar according to the document which compared it to the Bitcoin, Ripple and Ethereum Blockchain networks, was that Stellar is a platform that connects banks, payments systems and people, it allows fast, cross-border transactions between any pair of currencies. It is much cheaper and faster than bitcoin because of its unique consensus protocol etc.
CryptoTVPlus through one of its representative has reached out to MTN Nigeria for comment on the document as at press time but haven’t given response. Updates will be published as it comes.
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