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Some Frequently Used Crypto Terms and What They Mean




Have you ever been on a crypto forum and seen users chatting and in the midst of these chats you see some terms and phrases that and you have no single clue as to what they mean? and in bewilderment you move to ask for the meanings. But on the second thought you think no, “I don’t want to sound naive”, but ermm that doesn’t solve it, you would still love to know what they mean and stop feeling like an outcast. “what does HODL  mean?, “why do they keep saying to the moon?”, “and what the heck has a bear to do with the market?”.  
So many questions and assumptions pop up in your mind as to what each particular phrase might mean, but nobody seems to care they just keep on with their phrases and whatever news it is they are discussing. If you are one of these people, well dear friend do not be afraid for you do not thread these path alone, it’s a common experience.
As a newbie I remember the first time I saw someone use HODL and I called him out for bad grammar only to be put under the receiving end of nightmarish joke. The lesson was well learnt as it afforded me to go only and search for popular cryptocurrency terms and slangs and it was quite informative and I got delivered from the shackles of ignorance
Over the years I have come up with some of the popular crypto jargon and slangs since a friend of mine asked me to tell me the meaning FOMO through a private message while arguing on a crypto discussion group.
And today I will be giving you a brief preview into some of strange these terms, what they mean and how they came to be used in the crypto space.
So what are these terms

This is one of the most popular slang now used in the crypto sphere … HODL.  
It retains the honor of one of the most searched crypto term on goggle among other crypto jargon;
HODL (a misspelt form of HOLD) actually means to hold ones (currency) tokens or coins when there is a strong urge to sell, in hope that the hodlers (that is someone that HODLS) might make more profit on the crypto assets by refusing to sell at the present price
According to popular opinion, the slang came about as a result of a misspelling of the word hold, by a user on a bitcoin thread in Japan, who spelt the word as Hodl instead of hold, when trying to inform people of intention to Hodl is coins
To the moon

This one is very popular mostly by the adopters of a new crypto project or ICOs especially in their groups, some sort of rally call, it’s very popular was firstly used to refer to altcoins.
Personally, this is the most irritating and arguably the most overused crypto jargon in my opinion especially when they use it for really shitcoins that end of selling for close to nothing, and projects that end up dying.
To the moon, means the point where it reaches a high surge in the price increase, they say it has mooned way higher than what it is presently

Well I’m biased in my opinion of this but this is the best crypto jargon
Because personally it resonates with the popular crypto dream of getting rich while  hodling, lambo to me is one of the most important parts of the crypto culture of getting successful and wealthy, the term Lambo has to do with the idea that if you Hodl your bitcoin and others crypto assets, it will moon and you will cash out and have enough money to afford to buy a Lamborghini according to some people they believe the choice of using the sport car brand has to do with the fact the logo of  the brand is also a bull, which is the next term we’ll discuss.
Bulls and bears

These terms are also very popular they are used to describe the state of the market, this one of the borrowed terms from the stock market, where bear market; means the state of the market is poor and the prices are and very low the animal bear was used because when it fights or attacks it hits downwards
Bull, on the other hand, has to with the state of the market when the price is high which like the bear term comes from the behaviour of the animal due to the way the bull fights when it launches an attack, its focus is upwards meaning the prices are going up.
Pump and Dump

I once heard a colleague use this to refer to a new token whose price increased dramatically and before an hour was up it fell so low, beyond recognition. Pump and dump are when a group of investors decide to invest(pump) in a particular cryptocurrency, just so that its price rises and attracts other investors who also cause it to increase further and when they think the price is high enough, they sell everything (dump it).

Simply means an All-Time High. A good example of this is 2017 when Bitcoin kept rising till it hit $25,000. ATH is the reason most hodlers hodl, they believe that in the nearest future the value of the currencies they are holding will shoot up once again, and this time stay that way.

This is one of those strange-looking words, which most people (including me) when they first see it, they think it means some big thing or a technical term. FUD simply stands for fear uncertainty and Doubt. This word is used to refer to those who exhibit those qualities (fear, uncertainty, doubt) when it comes to making investments or buying a particular currency.

Is one of those words borrowed crypto slangs, it is a word that had already been in use before it was introduced to cryptocurrency,  Fomo in crypto space actually means the Fear of missing out, and on Wikipedia fomo means “A pervasive apprehension that others might be having rewarding experiences from which one is absent”. It is used to refer to the fear a person feels when he sees a lot of people investing in currency and that he or she hasn’t invested in, especially when that currency look potentially profitable. Fomo has caused many people to jump into making investments that they wouldn’t normally make and has cost them a lot. 
Considering the use of a crypto dictionary
There are hundreds of new words, slangs and phrases sprouting up in crypto space every day, dues to the various activities and engagement of people, but where do we turn to for definitions? Is there a place we can find the meaning of these words? Yes, there are but seemingly very few. One of them is Cryptoground
They offer A to Z dictionary services for crypto terms, sites like these are very useful to crypto enthusiasts and very handy for beginners especially, but if you don’t still find what you need, the goggle button can still serve as a worthy alternative.

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Bantu Network – The Rise of the African Vision




Africa has once upon a time been the center of innovation. Africa is home to one of the cradles of civilization yet, for a long time now, the continent has been setbacked. 

The once glorious and thriving community bound by society sustaining culture and ideals has been slowing washing away due to various factors such as wars, hunger, diseases and poverty. 

Despite the challenges and/or limitations which the African continent has faced over the years, Africa is a continent filled with great potential in various disciplines, the continent is home to many markets. Aside other factors of production, Africa boasts of a unique class of natives.

The ones whose creativity, culture, aspirations, competences are inextricably tied to the African dream. These are the ones changing the face and faith of the African people. 

Introducing the Bantu Blockchain Foundation 

The Bantu Blockchain Foundation (BBF) is a non-profit entity that develops blockchain-based financial inclusion solutions to help address Africa’s unique challenges.

The BBF is championed by Africans building the Bantu ecosystem with the vision of making Bantu the largest distributed network infrastructure with the most decentralized governance model for wealth creation and economic sovereignty for humanity.

The Bantu Network 

The Bantu Network is an advanced and highly scalable blockchain platform designed to make it possible for instant and secure transfer of value, swap and trading of digital assets. Companies can easily connect to the Bantu Network via its API. 

The Core Features of Bantu Network 

Bantu network is a highly scalable platform that combines the best attributes of top blockchains and DLTs such as speed, security, reliability. It also adds what it calls the human element that economically empowers every network participants while lowering entry cost.

The Core features are:

  • Real time settlement of 2-5 seconds. Over 15,000 TPS. 
  • Highly secured cryptographically using Elliptic-curve cryptography. 
  • Global reach with single integration with effective asset control options. 
  • Low cost. Ability to process over 100,000 for less than $0.01.
  • Support for smart contracts and regulatory AML/KYC Compliance support.
  • Built-in Currency and digital asset Decentralized Exchange.

The Bantu Network Tools and Services 

The Bantu Network has revealed it will go live with several tools and services that will enable users to access the full functionality of the network and ecosystem from the beginning. These are:

  • Bantu Token – Bantu is the native token of the Bantu network. It is a utility token and serves as the currency fees are paid on the network. 
  • The BantuPay Wallet – It’s a noncustodial wallet to enable users securely hold, transfer, receive, swap and trade digital assets. 
  • BantuTalk Forum 
  • Bantu Dashboard 
  • Bantu Laboratory – The Bantu lab allows developers perform tests on mainnet and testnet. 
  • Bantu Node Viewer – A tool for viewing all the servers and devices contributing to the Bantu network. 
  • Bantu Token Creator – A tool enabling anyone to quickly create and distribute digital assets effortlessly without coding abilities. 
  • Bantu Decentralized Exchange – An highly secured platform for the trading of digital assets. 

The Bantu Blockchain Foundation is on a mission to empower humanity across all industry sectors, both in the public Abe private using blockchain and other 4th industrial Revolution (IR) technologies. It’s expected to go live soon. 

Access resources here 

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Hybrid blockchain and Algorand



Blockchain systems keep evolving as new discoveries spring up in the community of digital technology. The community is not only finding dynamic ways to make the transactions swift and secure but also modifying previous technologies for supreme results.

If you’ve wondered what hybrid blockchain means for the blockchain system and how it relates to Algorand, then this is the content you should be reading. For newbies, we will quickly breakdown core concepts of blockhain systems before we talk about the good stuff. 

Blockchain simply means a digital ledger, systematically distributed, that records all transactions executed among various players in a network.  Participants could be businesses or individuals and each are linked to the blockchain with an identical copy of the ledger. These participants are referred to as nodes.

Now, for us to grasp the idea behind hybrid blockchains, we must first understand what public and private blockchains are. Public blockchains, are permission-less by design. This means that it would allow virtually anyone to conduct transactions and join any consensus protocol being conducted, as long as this party is connected to the internet. 

Public blockchains possesses zero restrictions, making it possible for interested users to download that software, bring in fresh blocks, verify information or run their own nodes on the blockchain.

If you have observed the volume of activity that takes place on public blockchains then you now know the reason. Its pemission-less design makes it a hotspot for tons of nodes which go on to form a distributed, large-scale network of node which verify other nodes and communicate. Each of these nodes in this network is independent. 

Despites it’s unique benefits such as anonymity, immutability, openness and high security, public blockchain cannot guarantee users privacy. Also because it requires zero permission for anyone to participate, public blockchains commonly have very low efficiency in comparison to other blockchain types like private blockchain for example. Most corporate organizations and governments are known to opt for other types of blockchain due to the vulnerability of public blockchains to unethical activity, its high cost and instability. 

On the other hand, private blockchains are the opposite of public blockchains. They are permissioned networks which require permissions for participants to conduct any action on the blockchain. Joining this type of blockchain is by invite-only and to keep it secure, information is often times encrypted. Efficiency and stability are primary features of private blockchains.

Unlike public blockchains which are saturated with nodes, private blockchains are cost-effective since they do not demand much to maintain. They also do not have the anonymity and immutability of public blockchains. Private blockchains are managed by either a small body of entities or a singular entity.

Now what is hybrid blockchain and what is the connection to Algorand?

Hybrid blockchain is a unique network in blockchain that integrates both public and private features to bring about a transaction space that is flawless. In other words, this blockchain is centralized and decentralized at the same time. Users are presented with security, transparency, reduced cost of transaction and privacy, all in one blockchain. Members of a hybrid blockchain choose which transactions are made public and who gets to join in. This means that though transactions are private, they are open for public access. 

Why is the hybrid blockchain so remarkable?

Hybrid blockchain takes all the best features of public blockchains, all the best features of private blockchains, and incorporates them together to form one of the most incredible blockchain systems to ever be developed. The structure of hybrid blockchain goes a long way to help businesses and governments maintain control and flexibility over their data. While big organizations want to enjoy the benefits of a blockchain, none of them are willing to manage the risks that come with conducting transactions. Hence, the value of the hybrid blockchain to these organizations. An example of a hybrid blockchain is Algorand.

Algorand blockchain is the first blockchain platform in the world to develop a trustless and flawless Proof-of-Stake blockchain protocol which offers users a decentralized platform to conduct scalable, safe transactions.  This sort of decentralized platform is highly needed in the world’s current economy as it grows. 

What does Algorand technology do really?

 The answer is simple. The Algorand technology eliminates technical barriers, that prevents transactions on its blockchains from being decentralized, scalable and secure. Its design makes its consensus mechanism trust-less and to guarantee efficiency, complete participation and protection its Pure Proof-of-Stake protocol is fully utilized.

Coordinated by winner of the Turing award, Silvio Micali together with his team of highly skilled mathematicians, engineers and cryptographers, what users have with the Algorand blockchain is a platform that is committed to churning out the best solutions for the future of economic exchange. Today, the most recent version of Algorand consists of multiple functionalities to accommodate the demands of many businesses.

Its most unique functionality is the layer-1 fundamental which enables atomic transfers, tokenization of asset, smart contract creation. This brilliant feature has facilitated the cooperation of decentralized exchanges and stablecoin who are currently making the most of Algorand’s remarkable blockchain system which helps them to manage resource-extensive applications and resources.

It would interest you to know that though Algorand blockchain is categorized as hybrid blockchain, it is also a very public blockchain courtesy of its permission-less nature.  With Algorand blockchain, users have true decentralization. Unlike the average hybrid blockchain, Algorand blockchain has no one contact point or influential central authority. Publicly available for anyone with internet access to audit with an open-sourced node repository, it is one of the best examples of a hybrid blockchain. This explicit characteristic of Algorand blockchain ensures exactitude, transparency and objectivity.

Now while Algorand blockchain has the same features of a hybrid blockchain, it is not like your regular hybrid blockchain. The inclusiveness and collaboration of Algorand blockchain is sustained by a supportive, dedicated community wholly driven by the vision of a scalable, borderless economy on a global scale. This means that Algorand blockchain is more of complimentary to the overall features of conventional hybrid blockchains. 

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Tighter AML/CFT Checks Emerge As US Regulator Traces ‘Privacy Protection Backed’ Transactions 



It appears that the United States Internal Revenue Service (IRS) wants to be able to pry into wallet holders’ accounts the way they have central access to digital dollars in traditional bank accounts. In light of this, Ricardo Spagni, Monero’s Privacy Maintainer, recently explained that regulators’ determination to control privacy in the crypto sector may continue to be in vain as smart cryptographers are always a step ahead of regulators.

Talking about Monero, this protocol which was released in 2014, is a private, untrackable and secure token. It allows maximum privacy in transactions as users’ identities are protected. No regulator gets to know the details of users’ transactions nor the amounts that users transfer, except if they so allow themselves.

Government Interested In Blockchain Users’ Privacy

Many regulators, the world over, are increasingly getting interested in controlling protocols that ensure the privacy of users. For a fact, the United States’ IRS employed the services of two Blockchain Analytics Firms: Chainalysis and Integra FEC so as to develop a tool that will enable the agency to track transactions on Monero and Layer 2 protocols as the firm had previously done to monitor on chain activities for privacy tokens like DASH and (ZEC). 

Looking at the rate of financial crimes in the world today, the government probably has genuine reasons to develop tools that will enable transparency and allow the tracing of transactions on privacy enabled protocols. This is especially as allowing absolute privacy of transactions may fuel money laundering or even financing of terrorism. To this end, the United States’ Department of Justice (DOJ) released a whitepaper dubbed “Cryptocurrency: An Enforcement Framework“ on the 8th of October 2020. The department emphasized that enabling anonymity enhancing cryptocurrencies (AECs) that run private blockchains will result in money laundering and easy financing of terrorism.  

Ricardo Spagni explained that the best option for the government is to lay down checks and controls (regulation) at the entry and exit points, anything other than that is going too far, according to him.

According to him:

“Payment service providers and merchant service providers are sorts of the points at which they can apply a degree of regulation. And that I think is feasible.”

Users may be required to ascertain their location or may have to go through checks before their transactions are approved in the case that they are using a Merchant Service Provider.

Privacy Coins Are Here To Stay

As at press time, the brains behind Monero are able to detect bugs made by external forces and will fix them so as to protect the privacy they have promised their users.

The Chief Economist and Co-founder of a Blockchain Analytics Firm (Elliptic) Dr. Tom Robinson, emphasizes;

“Untraceable cryptocurrencies such as monero are here to stay…in the short term, it may well be possible to find exploits in these systems and trace transactions to some degree, but these bugs will be fixed.”

As a matter of fact, Monero has gone ahead to upgrade its functions by creating the “Oxygen Orion,” which will inadvertently boost the present uptight security.

Government Desires to Prevent The Financing of Terrorism and Money Laundering

Although the government’s rationale for wanting to trace transaction details may be made in utmost good faith, this may give a leeway to hackers to abuse even a controlled system of limited access to accounts. Spagni laughed off the present passive surveillance methods of tracking bank accounts, facial recognition systems, and reports of suspicious activities by the traditional  financial systems. He emphasized that the government has to take their game to the next level when it comes to trying to control emerging technologies.

David Jevans, the CEO of CipherTrace, a blockchain forensics firm notes 

“Our position is that financial privacy is important, and people should be able to pay for day-to-day expenses without having to fear hitting regulators’ radar and providing identity proofs.” 

This is an opinion that a lot of people may not agree with because if indeed the transactions are made in good faith and they are compliant, no trader or merchant should counter transparency to the degree that the government is asking for. 

It appears that the government will have to find a legitimate solutions model that will strike a balance between countering financing of terrorism and anti-money laundering checks on the one hand while making sure that the model does not stifle the privacy concerns of users. 

Some regulated exchanges are already taking the hint and developing ways to support privacy coins with a legally compliant model.

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