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Commonly Used Crypto And Blockchain Terminologies You Should Know

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commonly used crypto and blockchain terminologies you should know

The Blockchain and cryptocurrency ecosystem frequently use terminologies like “decentralization”, “cryptography”, “keys” and “wallet address”. However, to those that are not familiar, these blockchain terminologies can be a bit confusing even for early adopters, the Blockchain technology is an ever-evolving technology which produces terms that can be quite difficult to grasp.

While some terms are newly developed slangs, others are technical blockchain terminologies that have been in existence for a long time. This ever-growing list is a starter pack that offers a simplified explanation of some of the frequently used terms in the Blockchain sphere.

Cryptography

Cryptography is heavily based on mathematical theory and computer science practice that ensures information is transmitted in secrecy. That is, the process of encrypting and decrypting information so that only the only the audience that the information is intended for can access it. In a nutshell, it is the practice and study of techniques for secure communication.

Blocks

Blocks are files where data pertaining to the Bitcoin network is permanently recorded. By way of analogy, you can compare block as the individual pages of your book. A block represents the ‘present’ and contains information about its past and future. Each time a block is completed it becomes part of the past and gives way to a new block in the Blockchain.

Block Chain

This is a type of distributed ledger, when blocks are created, they are structured into a sequence over a period of time. Each time the computer solves a mathematical puzzle, that block is added to the previous one, and the process continues. The addition of these individual blocks forms a chain of blocks called Blockchain.

A DAO (Decentralized Autonomous Organization)

This can be thought of as a corporation run without human involvement under the control of an incorruptible set of business rules.

Gas

A layman interpretation of gas would be a substance in a form like the air that is neither solid nor liquid. However in the crypto space, gas is a measurement roughly equivalent to computational steps (for Ethereum). Every transaction is required to include a gas limit and a fee that it is willing to pay per gas; miners have the choice to including the transaction and collecting the fee or not. Furthermore, every operation has a gas expenditure; for most operations, it is 3-10, although some expensive operations have expenditure up to 700 and a transaction itself have an expenditure of 21000.

Mining

Mining is the process of several computers competing to solve a mathematical puzzle found inside a block. This process verifies the transaction, add it to the Blockchain and triggers the release of cryptocurrency as the output. Also, the people that verify the transactions are called Miners.

Cryptocurrency

A cryptocurrency is a form of digital currency that uses cryptography, where encryption techniques are used to regulate the generation of units of currency and verify the transfer of funds. Unlike fiat currency, cryptocurrencies operate independently of a central bank. Examples of cryptocurrencies are Bitcoin, Ethereum, Dash, Tron, Kurecoin, Litecoin, etc.

 A private key

A private key is a string of data that shows you have access to bitcoin in a specific wallet. Private keys can be thought of as your password or ATM pin and should not be revealed to anyone as they allow you to spend the cryptocurrency from your wallet.

Cryptocurrency wallet

A wallet is a digital storage location – a file that contains a collection of private keys for your cryptocurrency – same as your physical wallet but in this case for digital currencies. Typically, it is like the “bank account” for your digital assets. There are different types of wallets, including software and hardware wallets.

Consensus

A consensus is a mechanism on the Blockchain that allows the computers responsible for validating transactions are in agreement. A consensus is reached when the majority of the miners validate a block on the Blockchain.

Hash rate

This is the speed at which a mining computer used to verify and validate transaction on a Blockchain can go. Computers with higher hash rates would be able to verify transactions faster than those with a low hash rate.

A Node

A node is any computer that connects to the Blockchain network/database. Nodes are instrumental in making cryptocurrencies decentralized with every node keeping a version of the entire Blockchain.

Proof of Work (PoW)

Proof of work is a system that ties mining capacity to computational power. Blocks must be hashed, which is in itself an easy computational process but an additional variable is added to the hashing process to make it more difficult. Upon the successful hashing of the block, some time and computational effort must have been taken. Hence, a hashed block is considered proof of work.

Proof of Stake (PoS)

This is an alternative to proof of work system, in which the amount of crypto that you hold that is your existing stake in the crypto is used to calculate the amount of cryptocurrency that you can mine.

Testnet

Testnet- Testing network is an alternative bitcoin blockchain where developers can test their system. The cryptocurrencies used in testnet do not have any real world value as the application allows developers to experiment without having to worry about breaking the main bitcoin blockchain.

There are other blockchain terminologies that can not all be presented in this article, you can also refer to cryptocurrency terms every crypto-newbie should know.

 

Find this Article helpful? Do share your thoughts, contributions or suggestions with us in the comment section.

 

 

 

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Tunisia’s Central Bank to Launch E-Dinar, A Digital Currency

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The central bank of Tunisia has announced the development of work for the launch of a digital currency, the E-Dinar.

The Tunisia’s foray into digital currency will see the creation of a blockchain based platform and digitization of the Tunisian fiat currency, the Dinar. The virtual currency will be created and issued using a Russian developed blockchain, the Universa Blockchain.

The Universa platform will receive a percentage of all transaction carried out with the E-dinar while the Tunisia central bank will see every transaction, as well as every buyer and seller online.

The Tunisian central bank revealed that the nation will not issue additional shares to issue the electronic money rather; the E-dinar will be pegged to part of the local fiat currency. And with the launch, individuals can also switch to the E-dinar.

Based on the contract between both parties, the Russian firm who developed the blockchain platform will receive a percentage of each operation for the entire duration of the operation of the technology, and at the same time, as it develops the Universa platform, it will launch a web application and open two thousands stalls in the country where individuals can transfer their money to E-dinars.

In order to protect the financial sovereignty of the Tunisia’s nation, considering the operations of the US based swift which operates in over 200 countries and financial censored the Iranian government, financial censorship will not happen in Tunisia’s E-dinar as the developers will hand over all encryption keys to the nation’s Central Bank and they will not be able to block the platform and see transactions.

According to the head of Tunisia’s central bank, “we are for the development of financial technologies. But we do not support private money in any form, digitally or so. If they replace public money, they will destroy monetary policy and financial stability. We are against”

The system was kick-start by the Tunisian Central bank’s head Marouane El Abassi and a representative of the IMF which say both of them carrying out a symbolic transfer of one E-dinar from one account to another in a test form. In the event in the nation’s capital where the E-dinar was presented, also in attendance was other Maghreb countries such as Morocco, Algeria and Mauritania.

Universa plans to expand to other part of the world to nations such as Malaysia, Phillipines, Argentina, Brazil etc.

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A Crypto Project With the intention to Eradicate Poverty Has Written An Open Letter to the EFCC, Says it’s Open for Questioning. 

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An ambitious Crypto project iBSmartify, through its CEO Omotade Sparks Amos Sewanu has written an open letter to the Nigerian anti-graft agency, the Economic Financial Crimes Commission EFCC informing agency of its intention to eradicate poverty in the country.

The letter which was posted on twitter via @inksnation handle shows the intention of the CEO to through its own blockchain platform iBLedger which it dubbed ‘Nigeria to the World blockchain’ to eradicate poverty in the country in the next six to nine months.

The CEO claims the iBLedger blockchain will compete with Facebook’s Libra, Telegram’s TON & GRAM, Bitcoin, Ethereum, Hyperledger and other blockchains in the world.

According to the letter, the powerful thing about the “charitable-blockchain” is that it can through the first token iBNaira generate a minimum of $847 billion for the Nigerian Government.

It also said the iBNaira can end poverty by 6 – 9 months by paying every single citizen including children born daily a minimum of N120,000 monthly.

The reason for this he said is because disruption is coming to the world and as such, it’s better Nigeria has its own version of disruption.

The poverty eradication scheme will begin fully on the 12th of November.

He claimed he has applied to SCUML under the name iBSmartify but it’s awaiting the certificate. However, the firm appears to be registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission under the following details:

Registration Number: 2956459

Name: IBSMARTIFY

Address: 23 Yetunde Abu Street

Registration date: 2019-08-15

The website appears to offer unimaginable rewards to those who come in, the type of rewards which is seen in Ponzi Schemes.

While the Anti-graft agency is yet to say anything on the open letter, the move by the firm has attracted criticism from Twitter as can be seen below.

The firm replied those requesting for White Paper on the same thread

The 12th of November is just six days away and as the CEO said, it is open to questioning.

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Ethereum to be Marketed and Promoted by a DAO – Marketing DAO

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Second largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization, Ethereum will now be marketed like other blockchains in the industry.

The marketing of Ethereum will not be done by individuals rather a decentralized autonomous organisation – the Ethereum Marketing DAO.

Born in September, 2019 and launched one months later, the DAO is made up of like-minded individuals knowledgeable in marketing, communication, brand experts etc and they include ConsenSys advisor, Amanda Cassatt, Former ETH Foundation Advisor William Mougayar, etc

The Marketing DAO according to a medium post released by the organization was conceived to ensure the strengths, value propositions, and vision of Ethereum are well communicated and understood, despite its complexity.

As Ethereum is in an enviable position, it gets attacked by detractors, those spreading misinformation, it lacks an organized entity to respond to these misinformation thus a unified marketing organization is needed.

According to the Marketing DAO, Ethereum growth has been accomplished without a concerted effort to market the network by the Ethereum Foundation and now, it has grown to the point where there is a need to formalize and professionalize a set of marketing and communications activities to benefit its long-term position.

The best way to help advance and promote Ethereum was in the Ethereum way – through a DAO and in order to properly support the network and stakeholders, there is a need for a coordinated mechanism to empower funding and decision making in an efficient, fair and representative manner, Marketing DAO said.

The Marketing DAO said it will fork the Molock DAO as the DAO baseline and it will be used for implementation of its marketing activities.

Work has been ongoing for the past month through regular online and in-person meetings and planning sessions to lay the foundational elements for the DAO.

Its initial project including developing strong Ethereum positioning, getting to know its audience and establishing a strong ground presence.

Those currently working on the DAO include ConsenSys advisor and former CMO Amanda Cassatt, former Ethereum Foundation advisor and blockchain author William Mougayar, Darren Mills, MetaCartel DAO’s Alexandre Masmejean, EtherWorld Founder and Ethereum Cat Herder Pooja Ranjan, former Reuters Americas General Manager Saul Hudson, former ShapeShift CMO and current director at Wachsman Emily Coleman, Brendan Forster, Dave Craige, Ven Gist, James Ross Treacher, Manuel Gonzalez Alzuru, and Kris Jones — among over 50 others.

As at decentralized organization, Ethereum Marketing DAO calls on anyone to be a part of it either as a Funder, a Member and/a supporter.

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Over $3bn Worth of Stellar Lumen Burnt, To End it’s Giveaway Program 

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Stellar has burnt 55 billions lumen from the total supply thus reducing the number of lumens in existence to 50 billions and giving an over 20% gains.

The burn were in two parts according to a statement published by Stellar. The first burn was from the Stellar Development Foundation SDF operating fund which previously held 17 billion Lumens. 5 billions lumen has been burned thus reducing the total SDF operating funds to 12 billions.

The remaining 50 billion lumen was burnt from the 68 billion lumen set aside for giveaway programs administered by the Stellar Development Foundation.

According to Stellar, it has decided to reduce the lumen allocations and to rededicate what remains to what it thinks Stellar needs most.

The reduction Stellar said, isn’t in any way a retreat from its mission, instead it’s an acknowledgement that (Stellar) owes to the ecosystem, the network and to itself, to be as efficient as possible in doing its job.

The burn linens was sent to the following Stellar Account.

GALAXYVOIDAOPZTDLHILAJQKCVVFMD4IKLXLSZV5YHO7VY74IWZILUTO

Stellar also announced it will be terminating it’s World Giveaway Programs both for individuals airdrops and for the Stellar Partner Giveaway Programs – a program which it said was created at the beginning of the Stellar network inception.

Stellar said its very excited about renewed focus on the SDF and the transparency it will bring.

The 12 billion lumen remaining from the SDF Fund will targeted to an aggressive program of direct development and advocacy for Stellar. This will be escrowed and 3 billion XLM will be unlocked yearly for the next four years.

The purpose of the Stellar Development Foundation’s purpose is to make Stellar global payments standard and every dollar and lumen we have is dedicated to that end and we believe the number of Lumen we hold now aligns better with our mission. The SDF will nor burn any additional lumens, Stellar said.

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