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Commonly Used Crypto And Blockchain Terminologies You Should Know

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commonly used crypto and blockchain terminologies you should know

The Blockchain and cryptocurrency ecosystem frequently use terminologies like “decentralization”, “cryptography”, “keys” and “wallet address”. However, to those that are not familiar, these blockchain terminologies can be a bit confusing even for early adopters, the Blockchain technology is an ever-evolving technology which produces terms that can be quite difficult to grasp.

While some terms are newly developed slangs, others are technical blockchain terminologies that have been in existence for a long time. This ever-growing list is a starter pack that offers a simplified explanation of some of the frequently used terms in the Blockchain sphere.

Cryptography

Cryptography is heavily based on mathematical theory and computer science practice that ensures information is transmitted in secrecy. That is, the process of encrypting and decrypting information so that only the only the audience that the information is intended for can access it. In a nutshell, it is the practice and study of techniques for secure communication.

Blocks

Blocks are files where data pertaining to the Bitcoin network is permanently recorded. By way of analogy, you can compare block as the individual pages of your book. A block represents the ‘present’ and contains information about its past and future. Each time a block is completed it becomes part of the past and gives way to a new block in the Blockchain.

Block Chain

This is a type of distributed ledger, when blocks are created, they are structured into a sequence over a period of time. Each time the computer solves a mathematical puzzle, that block is added to the previous one, and the process continues. The addition of these individual blocks forms a chain of blocks called Blockchain.

A DAO (Decentralized Autonomous Organization)

This can be thought of as a corporation run without human involvement under the control of an incorruptible set of business rules.

Gas

A layman interpretation of gas would be a substance in a form like the air that is neither solid nor liquid. However in the crypto space, gas is a measurement roughly equivalent to computational steps (for Ethereum). Every transaction is required to include a gas limit and a fee that it is willing to pay per gas; miners have the choice to including the transaction and collecting the fee or not. Furthermore, every operation has a gas expenditure; for most operations, it is 3-10, although some expensive operations have expenditure up to 700 and a transaction itself have an expenditure of 21000.

Mining

Mining is the process of several computers competing to solve a mathematical puzzle found inside a block. This process verifies the transaction, add it to the Blockchain and triggers the release of cryptocurrency as the output. Also, the people that verify the transactions are called Miners.

Cryptocurrency

A cryptocurrency is a form of digital currency that uses cryptography, where encryption techniques are used to regulate the generation of units of currency and verify the transfer of funds. Unlike fiat currency, cryptocurrencies operate independently of a central bank. Examples of cryptocurrencies are Bitcoin, Ethereum, Dash, Tron, Kurecoin, Litecoin, etc.

 A private key

A private key is a string of data that shows you have access to bitcoin in a specific wallet. Private keys can be thought of as your password or ATM pin and should not be revealed to anyone as they allow you to spend the cryptocurrency from your wallet.

Cryptocurrency wallet

A wallet is a digital storage location – a file that contains a collection of private keys for your cryptocurrency – same as your physical wallet but in this case for digital currencies. Typically, it is like the “bank account” for your digital assets. There are different types of wallets, including software and hardware wallets.

Consensus

A consensus is a mechanism on the Blockchain that allows the computers responsible for validating transactions are in agreement. A consensus is reached when the majority of the miners validate a block on the Blockchain.

Hash rate

This is the speed at which a mining computer used to verify and validate transaction on a Blockchain can go. Computers with higher hash rates would be able to verify transactions faster than those with a low hash rate.

A Node

A node is any computer that connects to the Blockchain network/database. Nodes are instrumental in making cryptocurrencies decentralized with every node keeping a version of the entire Blockchain.

Proof of Work (PoW)

Proof of work is a system that ties mining capacity to computational power. Blocks must be hashed, which is in itself an easy computational process but an additional variable is added to the hashing process to make it more difficult. Upon the successful hashing of the block, some time and computational effort must have been taken. Hence, a hashed block is considered proof of work.

Proof of Stake (PoS)

This is an alternative to proof of work system, in which the amount of crypto that you hold that is your existing stake in the crypto is used to calculate the amount of cryptocurrency that you can mine.

Testnet

Testnet- Testing network is an alternative bitcoin blockchain where developers can test their system. The cryptocurrencies used in testnet do not have any real world value as the application allows developers to experiment without having to worry about breaking the main bitcoin blockchain.

There are other blockchain terminologies that can not all be presented in this article, you can also refer to cryptocurrency terms every crypto-newbie should know.

 

Find this Article helpful? Do share your thoughts, contributions or suggestions with us in the comment section.

 

 

 

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MoneyGram’s New Time Remittance Technology backed by Visa not Ripple

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A new service introduced by remittance giant (MoneyGram) which allows users to send and receive money in real-time has been credited to visa and not the work of its blockchain-based partner (Ripple) in an announcement by representatives of the company.

The recently launched Fastsend, a new service which allows clients to send money in real-time to a phone number through a mobile application or dedicated website. While responding to enquiries from news sources about the latest concept, it was revealed to much surprise that MoneyGram did not make use of the technology of Ripple to achieve the latest product.

Do we need blockchain for real-time settlements?

MoneyGram Chief Operating Officer, Kamila Chytil informed news sources that FastSend makes use of Visa’s Direct Original Credit Transaction to send funds to bank accounts making use of Debit card deposit which is clearly not blockchain-backed or related.

Without the need for DLT, the dedicated website and app make use of an open-source cloud-based microservices. Chytil further stated that although Ripple is not involved in the new product, the firm still makes use of Ripple’s blockchain in other fields of the company.

Also, Chytil made mention of MoneyGram’s continuous effort on how to utilize blockchain in areas where it could assist to solve data privacy and regulatory obligations via distributed ledger technology. In her remarks, she spoke highly of DLT technology and cryptocurrencies, stating that the firm believes blockchain to be the future of global cross border payments and transfer of money.

As MoneyGram continues to research on the multiple use cases in order to tap into Ripple’s tools while integrating with the recent version of Ripple’s service suit to introduce cash-out service to all network members.

It is worth noting that Ripple is gaining increased support and approval among financial institutions to provide them with its DLT services in Africa with the National Bank of Egypt joining its network, this has been seen as a welcome development as it would do well for the inward remittance within the region the Ripple Network.

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TRON to onboard Steemit as it sets to join TRON Ecosystem

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Source: TRON

 

TRON has announced a strategic partnership with the largest blockchain based social media platform Steemit to onboard its numerous Dapps and user base into the TRON Ecosystem. 

 

The announcement which was made via a press release on TRON’s medium account revealed that both development teams of the two organizations will immediately begin working together to bring Steemit and other Steem blockchain based DApps to TRON blockchain and its community of over 20 million users, products, and services.

 

According to TRON, “the partnership continues the beat of TRON’s rhythm in partnering with top firms like Samsung, Poloniex, Opera, and DLive to provide a dynamic value proposition to its users, investors, and community members.’

 

Steemit is a decentralised blogging platform built on the Steem blockchain and having its own token. It allows users to easily reward publishers by upvoting their contents published. 

The Steemit blockchain also houses several other Dapps such as DTube, APPICS etc which are designed to be censorship resistant. Built by Dan Larimer and Ned Scott, Steemit empowers anyone to create an account and earn crypto for published contents upon upvotes. 

 

Speaking on the partnership, Justin Sun, CEO of TRON and Bittorent said “We are very excited to welcome Steemit into the TRON ecosystem, together we will usher in a new era of decentralized social networking.”

 

TRON disclosed it will work with Steemit Inc, to create further value for its users and to augment their advancements in decentralised technologies. 

This will include migrating STEEM token to a new TRON based STEEM token and the creation of accelerator program for the developer community. 

 

TRON believes this partnership further empowers its title as the blockchain industry’s leader in distributed ledger technology with over 800 Dapps now in its ecosystem.

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CryptoTVPlus partners with Kubitx to Spread Crypto Awareness using Local Languages

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Leading African based crypto-focused media organization, CryptoTVPlus has partnered with Blockchain solutions company, KuBitX, to spread education and awareness of cryptocurrency. 

This partnership arises from the need to explore the vast untouched population in the African market. Education plays a significant role in the advancement of new technologies and utilizing local contents presents a very much effective way of achieving such goals.

The continent of Africa holds great promise in the world of digital assets; there are countless opportunities being explored and countless others to be explored in creating solutions to the large set of challenges which the continent faces.

While there are globally acceptable educational or awareness spreading techniques, there are special ways of reaching out to unique audiences; this is exactly what the drive is, in this partnership represents.

This partnership will see both organizations working together to create contents to educate and spread awareness of the digital asset revolution in both the Hausa and Pidgin local languages.

The Hausa and Pidgin speaking audience represents a vast combined segment of the local populace and it is expected this initiative will ensure the effective education of a large portion of the total population.

Speaking on the partnership, Tony Emeka, CEO of CryptoTVPlus commented saying “One of the challenges holding back the increasing awareness of digital assets and the underlying technology is proper and locally constructed educational programs that utilize relatable languages and analogies to express the WHAT, WHY and HOW of the digital asset technology. I believe with the convergence of our two organizations, there will be a new wave and rise in awareness in the local industry. ”

About KuBitX

Launched in 2018, “KuBitX is one of the most advanced and robust cryptocurrency trading platforms designed in a very user-friendly manner to enable people from all regions and backgrounds get a stronghold of the ideas revolving around the Blockchain and the Cryptocurrency space. Contained within the KuBitX ecosystem are the KuBitX trade engines, the secure KuBitX wallets and an advanced Admin dashboard for regulating the activities within the Trade Exchange.” It is currently utilizing the Stellar blockchain owing to its remittance, cross border payment and regulatory compliance needs.

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Justin Sun to launch Tron-based Decentralized stablecoin. Why should we care? 

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Founder of the Tron Blockchain, Justin Sun has hinted at plans to launch a stablecoin based on the Tron blockchain. 

This was made via his Twitter account hours ago.

According to the tweet, the TRON community will launch a new decentralized stablecoin backed by the TRX and BTT token. 

 

 

There was little information given by the tweet but Justin Sun posted a question to the entire community, and it is for the best name for the new stablecoin. 

Stablecoins have grown in numbers since the eventual launch of US dollar backed Tether (USDT). Ever since then, various fiat currency pegged stablecoins have been made available on the market. 

The stability of this cryptocurrency class has also pricked the interest of governments and private corporations,  the decision of Facebook to launch Libra provides a testament to the global interest in stablecoins which does away with the apparent honeypot feature of non-stable cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin, ethereum and other non-stablecoins. Volatility. 

Nations CBDC has also become a fascinating way to utilize the idea behind stablecoins. Several countries are experimenting and others such as China are already getting ready. 

Justin Sun’s decision to launch a decentralized stablecoin may be a noble cause, but the optics of this decision may show a contrary view. 

Tron and the founders Justin from its earliest time has been involved in certain controversies such as plagiarizing the White Paper of other projects and copying codes from Ethereum, has also been linked to pump and dump schemes most especially with the use of its wide audience to manipulate value of coins by tweeting mostly inconsequential pieces. 

The new stablecoin will be decentralized according to Justin Sun. While the decentralization is not absolute, complete decentralisation is a myth and it has been a much discussed topic in the space. It therefore begs a very important question, since it’s claimed to be decentralized, who will be the horses pulling the chariot. 

With many stablecoins in the market, one would wonder why launch a new one, there are mostly two options on ground, it’s either the stablecoin markets offer very juicy returns that the Tron blockchain will benefit from the volume as the ‘horses’ also does, or Justin Sun has ran out of ideas. 

For the community’s sake, let it be the first. 

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