Blockchain is a technology that took the world by storm and has disruptive potential. Just like the internet, blockchain was welcomed with skepticism. Blockchain has been around since 1991, and cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin since 2009 but the world is only now starting to take a firmer hold.
It is projected that by the year 2021, the blockchain market will be valued at $2.3 billion. Most governments will adopt the technology for use in various tasks such as taxes, voting, health care, and land administration.
Developing countries have a hard time keeping accurate records in their land registries. Most countries have poor ledgers, which are prone to tampering, loss, and damage. These land governance issues are a source of land disputes owing to unclear land tenures and ownership.
These disputes mean the land is unproductive owing to the wrangles, sometimes dragging on for years. These inconsistencies in registry accuracy and land tenure lead to land grabbing from unscrupulous individuals.
Developing countries’ leaders should strive to catch up with countries that are already far ahead as far as the blockchain technology is concerned. Taiwan’s congressman Jason Hsu is one man who is determined to make sure all legal barriers concerning the technology are removed. He intends to ensure that the citizens are aware of what technology can do for them and better their lives. Hsu in an interview stated that blockchain technology can do very well in developing countries such as Zimbabwe and Venezuela.
Blockchain technology has the capacity to solve all the land registry problems for developing countries.in several ways:
- Since information is stored via cryptography, it means every item on the blockchain ledger is securely coded with an identifier that is unique and provides tracking capabilities and protection.
- Blockchain technology works on based on a consensus. This means if a fresh record is added to the ledger, it has to have real connections to other network nodes for it to be verified. If it has no connection, it cannot be added.
- Blockchain’s record storage is distributed. Information can be viewed and added to the ledger by authorized persons. They do not have to rely on a centralized command or an intermediary.
How it works
A blockchain can store online all the necessary information that pertains to property sellers and buyers. It can change the land registry by eliminating the manual steps in the land registries. These steps include verification of information from the land register, contracts with real estate agents, property inspections, and so forth.
Everyone is able to see alterations made to the ledger and can access the records any time they wish and in real time. With blockchain, they are assured of the data’s immutability and security.
Digitization is critical because it allows hashing, on which cryptography has its basis. Hashing is the conversion of data into a unique text string. Most developing countries use paper-based methods that are a challenge when it comes to updating the information digitally. Any data is hashable, no matter its size or type, and the hash produced by any data is the same length.
Implementation of blockchain would mean having to deal with issues created by decades-old poor land governance. It would also need a large investment to ensure the management of this technology. It is not impossible to streamline and digitize a land registry.
Many governments in the developing countries struggle with poor land governance issues, including registry digitization. Most are still far off from implementing the blockchain technology on a larger scale. However, the technology has some potential in areas where they have already succeeded in establishing a good record of title deeds.
The emergence of technology such as GPS, satellite imagery, machine learning, and machine imagery are some good examples of possibilities for completion of land record digitalization. These technological advancements might play a big role in the establishment of blockchain land registries in the future.
Blockchain technology can help to streamline the land registries in developing countries. These land registries largely depend on manual updates. These updates are rarely accurate, are prone to tampering, forgery, and loss.
Digitization of the land registry would be a huge leap towards ensuring that the land titles and tenures are registered to the rightful owners. Disputes arising from land ownership matters would be history. Blockchain technology is immutable. When a change is made, it is permanent and cannot be reversed. The evidence is open for scrutiny and this would build trust between the public and the land registry officials.
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Waves to Launch Blockchain-Based Games Marketplace with The Abyss
Blockchain Platform Waves and blockchain distribution platform – The Abyss will jointly launch blockchain-based marketplace of digital goods and in-game items.
The co-operation will see the building of a universal marketplace of all tradable goods and in-game items offered by Abyss partner game developers through their games.
The marketplace will enable users to purchase items with Abyss Tokens and sell to other users no matter what supported game it was purchased from. This, according to Waves will open another way for game developers to monetize their games on The Abyss.
Waves revealed the Abyss tokens will be integrated with the Waves Blockchain thereby enabling developers to connect The Abyss Token operations directly into their Waves-based games.
This will be made possible and easier by the release of an SDK and provision of technical assistance by Abyss.
Founder, The Abyss Konstantin Boyko-Romamovsky is quoted saying “The Abyss development team has already started preparation for the integration of Waves solution. The respective API methods and libraries will be added to the platform SDK and offered to game studios and developers.”
As a mutual benefiting arrangement, games built on the Waves blockchain will be able to utilize the distribution network of The Abyss therefore getting exposure to a wide audience of gamers.
Speaking on the arrangement between both firms, CEO, Waves Platform, Sasha Ivanov said, “The integration of Waves technology will enable The Abyss to create one of the best and the most advanced digital marketplaces in the video game industry. Apart from boosting up blockchain adoption, it is also supposed to increase the speed of processing trading transactions”.
Based on the Ethereum blockchain, The Abyss is a digital distribution platform for online video games with a unique revenue sharing system. The Abyss offers browser, client and blockchain games and provides game studios with additional customer benefits, from community features to marketing tools. Part of the income generated by sales of games & services is distributed between users in the form of rewards for various activities available on the platform.
A Proposal Has Been Made To Move ZCash from POW to POS
A ZCash Improvement Proposal ZIP was submitted to the ZCash community to migrate the privacy focused blockchain from the Proof of Work protocol to Proof of Stake.
The proposal was made by a user rebekah93. According to the community member, “Zcash was launched using Proof of Work. This meant that as well as removing the risk of POS being in some way faulty, the developers could focus on snark development rather than proof of stake development. Now the situation is a little different, as POS is a little mature and shielded transactions in zcash have come leaps and bounds.
This means that we should be able to switch from POW to POS without diverting developers too heavily away from other protocol improving works.”
The motivation according to rebekah93 for the improvement proposal was “by not wanting to have ‘destroying the planet’ as one of zcash’s most prominent achievements.
This is related to the amount of power needed to maintain the proof of work blockchains with Bitcoin being the highest consumer as the largest pow blockchain.
In order to achieve consensus, the community will have to answer some questions such as:
what properties does it want from POW? BFT or not?, Which are the best POS protocols that satisfy the needed properties, who gets to have the loudest/definitive say, when will it be implemented, who will implement it, will there be a transition period, when will the transition go live?
The ZIP which is currently in draft stage has attracted comments from the zcash community with one member Faddat defending POW by saying it doesn’t harm the environment and that it is one of the most efficient uses of stranded energy. According to him, POS chains have more favourable performance characteristic, but POW is more secure.
Another member of the Zcash community by the name OliverNChalk is of the opinion that the migration to POS should be put on hold and wait to see how the Ethereum imminent migration to POS goes as this would give an idea of how POS looks in the ‘wild’.
A member of the Zcash foundation by the name Sonya said concerning the ZIP “I like proof-of-work because the economics are straightforward and the model is battle-tested. I don’t think proof-of-stake has been around long enough that we should jump on it — maybe another couple of years.”
The proposal was created over 40 hours ago, it has received 1500 views and 12 replies. At current it is still a draft.