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Sharding Coming: Vitalik Buterin Announces

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Vitalik Buterin who is the creator of ethereum has announced “SHARDING” the much-awaited scaling solution for the Ethereum blockchain protocol.

SHARDING, WHAT DOES IT MEAN?
Sharding is a solution that optimizes the process of verifying transactions and smart contracts by splitting the blockchain network into partitions called shards. Instead of having every single node go through the entire transaction history of the Ethereum blockchain network, Sharding allows certain nodes to be assigned to certain shards, optimizing the process of nodes verifying transactions.

HOW IT WORKS

Currently, in all blockchain protocols each node stores all states (account balances, contract code and storage, etc.) and processes all transactions. This provides a large amount of security, but greatly limits scalability: a blockchain cannot process more transactions than a single node can. In large part because of this, Bitcoin is limited to ~3-7 transactions per second, Ethereum to 7-15, etc. However, this poses a question: are there ways to create a new mechanism, where only small subset of nodes verifies each transaction? As long as there are sufficiently many nodes verifying each transaction that the system is still highly secure, but a sufficiently small percentage of the total validator set that the system can process many transactions in parallel, could we not use such a technique to greatly increase a blockchain’s throughput?

Previously, James Ray, an Ethereum developer working on a scaling solution called Drops of Diamond, said that the requirement of nodes to verify all transactions in a blockchain network limits the ability of the blockchain to scale. He noted:

Based on the restrictions of scaling, that is why Bitcoin is limited to ~3-7 transactions per second, while Ethereum is  7-15 transactions per second etc. However, this poses a question: are there ways to create a new mechanism, where only small subset of nodes verifies each transaction?” With services from the likes CryptoKitties and decentralized exchanges such as Kyber Network and AirSwap broadcast substantially large amounts of transactions to the Ethereum network per second, even with the use of off-chain methods that reduce the burden on the main chain.

According to CCN.com, On Reddit Ethereum, an online community wherein Ethereum users, investors, enthusiasts, and developers discuss various projects and solutions, Buterin published a more in-depth description of the proof of concept he released this week.

According to Buterin, the fundamental idea of the current version of Sharding’s proof of concept surrounds the implementation of a proof-of-stake beacon chain or full Casper, that is merged into the main Ethereum blockchain network.

“The basic idea is based on a concept of dependent fork choice rules. First, there is a proof of stake beacon chain (in phase 4, aka full casper, this will just be merged into the main chain), which is tied to the main chain; every beacon chain block must specify a recent main chain block, and that beacon chain block being part of the canonical chain is conditional on the referenced main chain block being part of the canonical main chain,” explained Buterin.

He added that the proof-of-stake beacon chain with Sharding enabled can issue new blocks every two to eight seconds, which is significantly faster than existing proof-of-work blockchains like bitcoin, which has an average block time of 10 minutes.

SCALING IS REQUIRED

In order for Ethereum to support decentralized applications with millions of active users, it will need to improve by more than 100-fold in terms of scalability; Coinbase co-founder Fred Ehrsam said.  Currently, the expectations are high as developers expect Sharding, Casper, and Plasma to bring the scalability of Ethereum to the next level to support large-scale decentralized applications and smart contracts.

 

 

 

Do you believe this scaling would help improve transactions? Post your comments, idea and contributions in the comment section below or on our social media platforms.

 

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CEO of MTN Group Speaks Out on MTNCOIN, Calls it Fake.

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The CEO of MTN Group, Rob Shuter has spoken out on the document circulating the internet showing the Telecom giant, MTN Group to launch a utility token – MTNCOIN.

The CEO calls the document and unsolicited proposal and the Telecom firm will not consider it.

The document which was dated 29th of October, 2019 and titled “MTN COIN – Building Africa’s Universal Financial Services & Rewards Ecosystem” proposes a crypto token that will be used as a universal digital settlement currency for all financial.

In a statement published by MTN Group, it said it wishes to distance itself from the document as well as the services and offerings mentioned in the document as they are not provided by the firm.

According to the statement, MTN said the document was an unsolicited proposal submitted by an entity called Eureka Africa and it wasn’t adopted.

However, the Telecom giant affirmed its continual engagement and collaboration with various vendors, and if necessary it said, use official MTN channels to communicate such partnerships.

The document proposes the launch of a Stellar blockchain based cryptocurrency, MTNCOIN that will serve as a universal digital settlement currency for all financial users cases for all parties.

According to the document, It also intends solidifying and expanding MTN’s position as Africa’s leading communication services provider by staying at the forefront of digital transformation; capitalize on the Global Financial Technology revolution and lead the disruption of the traditional financial and insurance sector in the continent to protect current and create new revenue streams.

The Telecom giant has requested publishers to refrain from sharing the document or its contents on any public platforms.

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Telecom firm, MTN Could launch a token MTNCOIN on the Stellar Blockchain to become Universal Digital Settlement Currency

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A document showing Telecommunication firm MTN is set to launch a token –MTNCOIN on the Stellar Blockchain has been making waves on the internet since it was released.

The document which was dated October 29th 2019 and titled “MTN COIN – Building Africa’s Universal Financial Services & Rewards Ecosystem” posits that the African Financial sector is ripe for disruption.

It measured the financial flow of money through Mobile Money and Remittance. MTN through the plans to lead the disruption of Africa’s financial services industry to redefine financial inclusion.

This it intends to achieve by launching MTNCOIN as a universal digital settlement currency for all financial users cases for all parties. It also intends solidifying and expanding MTN’s position as Africa’s leading communication services provider by staying at the forefront of digital transformation.

It also wants to capitalize on the Global Financial Technology revolution and lead the disruption of the traditional financial and insurance sector in the continent to protect current and create new revenue streams.

MTN will to create a pan-african open platform and ecosystem and set the standards for trusted, direct, low-cost and instant financial transactions, bringing together various players in the financial industry such as banks, insurances, Fintechs, Retailers and major technology providers to drive interoperability and convergence.

The digital currency, MTNCOIN according to the document will be created and issued on the Stellar Blockchain Network.

It will serve as universal exchange currency, highly scalable, secure bridging currency across the African continent supported by the established MTN treasury functions.

It will serve data and airtime redemption assurance which according to the document will reduce counterpart risk as token holders.

The token will be a utility token controlled by MTN and it shall feature fast, no-cost remittance, automatic loyalty program benefits with ecommerce embedded shopping advantages.

The document compares MTNCOIN in superiority to other forms of payment such as MTN Money and M-Pesa. The coin will have a digital wallet, allow P2p transfer, cross border payments, bank integration, adoption by third party apps etc. MTNCOIN based on the document stands out from both MTN Money and M-Pesa.

The choice of choosing Stellar according to the document which compared it to the Bitcoin, Ripple and Ethereum Blockchain networks, was that Stellar is a platform that connects banks, payments systems and people, it allows fast, cross-border transactions between any pair of currencies. It is much cheaper and faster than bitcoin because of its unique consensus protocol etc.

CryptoTVPlus through one of its representative has reached out to MTN Nigeria for comment on the document as at press time but haven’t given response. Updates will be published as it comes.

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Brad Garlinghouse,CEO of Ripple Predicts the death of Most Cryptocurrencies 

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The CEO of Ripple, Brad Garlinghouse has predicted the death of the majority of all the cryptocurrencies in existence. According to him, they will likely go to zero.

This prediction was made via a live interview with Bloomberg where he said very few number of cryptocurrency projects will survive and grow significantly as they are concerned with actually solving real life problems.

Others will likely fail because they can not support or solve real life problems. According to Brad, “Anytime there is a new market, there are a lot of people that run into that market and try to show that they can solve a problem, they can deliver a customer need.”

With more than 3,000 cryptocurrency that trade on a daily basis, he said, very few of them will actually be able to meet customers needs, and the majority of them will probably go to zero.

The same prediction made by Brad Garlinghouse has been made by others before most especially during the ICO boom days that say
w thousands of cryptocurrency project launched offering various “moon shot” products and services.

Max Keiser had also predicted the death of majority of altcoins according his twitter post in August, which reason “#Bitcoin dominance 68.2% — heading to 80% — as alts die in favor of BTC. The 2014-2017 era of alts and hard forks is dead. Don’t be the last to rotate out of alts into BTC.”

The growth in cryptocurrencies is caused by the hype around the crypto ecosystem, Garlinghouse said

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Electroneum to Launch ETN Powered Freelance Platform, Welcomes Beta Testers. 

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Electroneum is set to launch its own blockchain powered freelance platform AnyTasks.com and it is calling for Beta testers to test the platform.

In an email sent to users, Electroneum said it has been talking about and building the platform for a long time.

AnyTasks.com according to the email signed by the CEO, Richard Ells, is the Electreoneum powered freelance economy platform for the world’s unbanked.

It is different from other freelance platform to ever exist as buyers pay with a credit card and sellers get remittance automatically in ETN.
Electroneum calls on experienced persons in the freelance economy to join its Beta Testing Group and according to it, will help place final touches on the platform before public release.

The decision to join the Beta Testing Group according to ETN “will be helping to shape the futures of MILLIONS of people around the world, whose lives will be positively impacted by this launch.”

Explaining why AnyTasks was built? It was quoted saying

Increasingly, more of us around the world are selling online, be it on eBay, Fiverr, Etsy, or the like. In excess of $200 Billion is spent each year within the freelance economy, providing many with the ability to earn their own living. Yet, without access to a bank account, this remains an impossibility for hundreds of MILLIONS of people across the world.

We’re changing that! People in emerging markets can earn as little as $3 per day on average. Imagine if we could give these people access to an online marketplace, where they could sell a single digital task for more than their average daily wage. AnyTasks will provide people that opportunity.”

Additionally, a learning platform TaskSchool will be launching in the first quarter of 2020. TaskSchool will enable users to learn simple skills they can sell via their smartphones through the AnyTasks platform.

We’re changing the world, and we’d really appreciate you taking a little of your valuable time to be part of shaping it, Electronuem concluded.

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